What are low-carbon liquid fuels?

Liquid fuels have fuelled all our transport means for more than 100 years thanks to their unique qualities:

  • Unequaled energy density,
  • Ease and safety of use,
  • Ease of distribution and storage for all transport sectors,
  • The existence of an extensive and resilient infrastructure across Europe for their production.

Low-carbon fuels are of non-fossil origin unlike conventional fuels made from petroleum.

These fuels are produced sustainably from municipal or organic waste, sustainable biomass, renewables and circular CO2. They emit no or very little additional CO2 during their production and use. They have a strategic role to play in the transition to a climate-neutral economy.

Low-carbon liquid fuels will first be blended with conventional fuels, toprogressively replace fossil-based fuels. During that transition period the carbon intensity of the fuels will depend on the share of low-carbon liquid fuels blended in the end-product. Only once the fossil component in the fuels sold at the pump is completely replaced by low-carbon liquid fuels, will these fuels be carbon-neutral.

Low-carbon liquid fuels will also be found in a number of markets at dedicated pumps to allow the supply of 100% low-carbon liquid fuels, and enable up to 90% CO2 emissions reductions.